"Gonona kathi", the Bengali name for the ancient tally counting system, being used on a ship carrying cargo along the Jamuna River in Bangladesh.
A tally (or tally stick) was an ancient memory aid device used to record and document numbers, quantities, or even messages. Tally sticks first appear as animal bones carved with notches, in the Upper Paleolithic; a notable example is the Ishango Bone. Historical reference is made by Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) about the best wood to use for tallies, and by Marco Polo (1254-1324) who mentions the use of the tally in China. Tallies have been used for numerous purposes such as messaging and scheduling, and especically in financial and legal transactions, the the point of being currency.
Principally there are two different kinds of tally sticks, the single and split tally. A common form of the same kind of primitive counting device is seen in various kinds of prayer beads.