July 21, 2014
"Gonona kathi", the Bengali name for the ancient tally counting system, being used on a ship carrying cargo along the Jamuna River in Bangladesh.
A tally (or tally stick) was an ancient memory aid device used to record and document numbers, quantities, or even messages. Tally sticks first appear as animal bones carved with notches, in the Upper Paleolithic; a notable example is the Ishango Bone. Historical reference is made by Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) about the best wood to use for tallies, and by Marco Polo (1254-1324) who mentions the use of the tally in China. Tallies have been used for numerous purposes such as messaging and scheduling, and especically in financial and legal transactions, the the point of being currency.
Principally there are two different kinds of tally sticks, the single and split tally. A common form of the same kind of primitive counting device is seen in various kinds of prayer beads.

"Gonona kathi", the Bengali name for the ancient tally counting system, being used on a ship carrying cargo along the Jamuna River in Bangladesh.

A tally (or tally stick) was an ancient memory aid device used to record and document numbers, quantities, or even messages. Tally sticks first appear as animal bones carved with notches, in the Upper Paleolithic; a notable example is the Ishango Bone. Historical reference is made by Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) about the best wood to use for tallies, and by Marco Polo (1254-1324) who mentions the use of the tally in China. Tallies have been used for numerous purposes such as messaging and scheduling, and especically in financial and legal transactions, the the point of being currency.

Principally there are two different kinds of tally sticks, the single and split tally. A common form of the same kind of primitive counting device is seen in various kinds of prayer beads.

July 16, 2014
Men load fertilizer along the banks of the Jamuna River in Bangladesh. March 2014
The Jamuna river is a braided river and is highly susceptible to channel migration and avulsion. Every rainy season, the sandbars are destroyed and new ones are formed. This makes navigating very difficult as the route will change from year to year. It takes about 3 days for a ship to navigate from Chittagong to the port of Baghabari Ghat.
 

Men load fertilizer along the banks of the Jamuna River in Bangladesh. March 2014

The Jamuna river is a braided river and is highly susceptible to channel migration and avulsion. Every rainy season, the sandbars are destroyed and new ones are formed. This makes navigating very difficult as the route will change from year to year. It takes about 3 days for a ship to navigate from Chittagong to the port of Baghabari Ghat.

 

April 9, 2014
Bangladesh is noted for having some of the worst traffic and road conditions in the world. What is astonishing is that young men risk their life on tractors, on top of buses, hanging off of “people movers” which is like a covered pickup truck, to move around the country. Often to go to work and earn about a $1 a day. I guess it’s true what they say, “desperate measures for desperate times.”
Rarely I saw smiles of the men on these types of autos and it wasn’t until I rolled down a window and showed my face they would flash their beautiful smiles.

Bangladesh is noted for having some of the worst traffic and road conditions in the world. What is astonishing is that young men risk their life on tractors, on top of buses, hanging off of “people movers” which is like a covered pickup truck, to move around the country. Often to go to work and earn about a $1 a day. I guess it’s true what they say, “desperate measures for desperate times.”

Rarely I saw smiles of the men on these types of autos and it wasn’t until I rolled down a window and showed my face they would flash their beautiful smiles.

March 24, 2014
View from inside a silodrome, also known as The Wall of Death.
Spectators in northern Bangladesh await for the show to begin. Men will stunt ride motorbikes, usually 200cc or smaller, on this track. It’s one of the best shows anyone will witness in their lifetime.

View from inside a silodrome, also known as The Wall of Death.

Spectators in northern Bangladesh await for the show to begin. Men will stunt ride motorbikes, usually 200cc or smaller, on this track. It’s one of the best shows anyone will witness in their lifetime.

March 26, 2013
Young Uyghur men install counterfeited software and exchange bootleg movies after a day of working in the orchards. September 2012, East Turkestan
Many would be surprised how aware of technology and pop culture the people of East Turkestan (the far Western reaches of China) are. Many covet the latest iPhone and can talk about Hollywood blockbusters of the last decade. Also, quite aware of local fashion trends; where the men dress more hip and Western than the Han Chinese majority.
Because of limited news resources, many use websites like the BBC to follow modern news and politics. The Uyghurs in cities that have followed through with high school education are free thinkers, inquisitive, and very well aware of what’s happening in their own country and elsewhere. Even in the countryside, there is intelligence and a curiosity. They know what is going on politically and religiously…perhaps no computers or iPhones, but there are rumors of underground newspapers circulating and secret meetings among men.

Young Uyghur men install counterfeited software and exchange bootleg movies after a day of working in the orchards. September 2012, East Turkestan

Many would be surprised how aware of technology and pop culture the people of East Turkestan (the far Western reaches of China) are. Many covet the latest iPhone and can talk about Hollywood blockbusters of the last decade. Also, quite aware of local fashion trends; where the men dress more hip and Western than the Han Chinese majority.

Because of limited news resources, many use websites like the BBC to follow modern news and politics. The Uyghurs in cities that have followed through with high school education are free thinkers, inquisitive, and very well aware of what’s happening in their own country and elsewhere. Even in the countryside, there is intelligence and a curiosity. They know what is going on politically and religiously…perhaps no computers or iPhones, but there are rumors of underground newspapers circulating and secret meetings among men.

March 23, 2013
Men get shaved at a Tuesday Bazaar near Kashgar, East Turkestan 2012

Men get shaved at a Tuesday Bazaar near Kashgar, East Turkestan 2012

October 7, 2012
Two ,Uyghur, jade miners curl up together to keep themselves warm from the winds and sandstorms of the Taklamakan Desert. About 200km South of Hotan, nestled between the Taklamakan and the Kunlun Range. Near Bostan, Xinjiang 2012
A piece of “Hotan Jade”, at about 1” x 1/2” can cost around $500 USD depending on quality and grade. Noted as being the most expensive jade in China.

Two ,Uyghur, jade miners curl up together to keep themselves warm from the winds and sandstorms of the Taklamakan Desert. About 200km South of Hotan, nestled between the Taklamakan and the Kunlun Range. Near Bostan, Xinjiang 2012

A piece of “Hotan Jade”, at about 1” x 1/2” can cost around $500 USD depending on quality and grade. Noted as being the most expensive jade in China.

April 27, 2012
Tibetans and their motorcycle, U-Tsang Tibet (TAR) September 2011 at 5200m altitude

Tibetans and their motorcycle, U-Tsang Tibet (TAR) September 2011 at 5200m altitude

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